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Tuesday, July 21, 2020 | History

1 edition of Universal salt iodization in Myanmar, from sea water to IDD elimination. found in the catalog.

Universal salt iodization in Myanmar, from sea water to IDD elimination.

Universal salt iodization in Myanmar, from sea water to IDD elimination.

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  • 38 Currently reading

Published by UNICEF, Myanmar in Yangon .
Written in English


Edition Notes

ContributionsUNICEF Myanmar.
The Physical Object
Pagination23 p., [6] leaves of plates :
Number of Pages23
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3588525M
LC Control Number2002289468

Jul 14,  · If one assumes that the iodine exists in the form of iodide anions, what is the molarity of iodide in sea water? (The density of sea water is g/mL.) salt that made from water sea contained iodine that's why sea food has a good minerals but sometimes iodine lost in the process to make salt, so for health iodines riched. Jun 05,  · Mechanical diggers on the pristine beaches near the sleepy fishing town of Dawei are a sign that change is coming to the remote corner of Myanmar -- but not necessarily for the hermes-security.com: Alex Delamare.

average flow into the rivers is feet (mm). (Evaporation and sinking into the ground is about 63% and flow into the sea is about 37%) As an agro-base country of Myanmar, water utilization. Universal Salt Iodization (USI) programme in India, there is a need to re-establish these reference ranges. The present study was aimed to quantify the two-hour and h RAIU values in iodine sufficient euthyroid individuals and validate the results in Graves’ and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis patients.

IWUMD is a governmental organization under the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation (MOALI). Main responsibility of IWUMD is sustainable operation and maintenance of (Irrigation) water management. Another responsibility of IWUMD is operation and maintenance of flood protection embankments and polders system all over the country. Raw Salt which has many impurities, like soluble and insolubles in water, which adhere to it at the time of harvesting, has to be removed to obtain better quality edible salt. The process which is adopted to remove both soluble and insolubles is a counter current washery with liquid-solid separation etc.


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Universal salt iodization in Myanmar, from sea water to IDD elimination Download PDF EPUB FB2

Despite this affordable solution, iodine deficiency disorders continue to be a serious public health threat for more than 1 billion people.

Supporting efforts to achieve universal salt iodization is Nutrition International’s main strategy to help eliminate IDD. IDD NEWSLETTER NOVEMBER IODINE NUTRITION LANDSCAPE ANALYSIS 5 Universal salt iodization (USI) is the main strategy to eliminate iodine deficiency.

Over the past two decades, national salt iodization programs have been introduced and scaled up in many countries. The basic concept of USI implies that all edible salt (household. If the salt Iodine content is 30 ppm at consumption level and on an average 5 gm of salt is consumed per day, it can provide micrograms of iodine to our body.

• Iodization of salt is a simple process • Cost of salt iodization is: 10 paise/person/year. • The simplest method to prevent the broad spectrum of IDD is to consume iodated. In a nutshell This page discusses salt iodization, or the fortification of salt with iodine, to prevent iodine deficiency disorders.

The thyroid, an organ in the neck that produces hormones, requires the element iodine to function properly. Some diets contain insufficient amounts of iodine.

Several small-scale randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have examined the effect of. Introduction: As the National Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDDs) survey had revealed the borderline iodine sufficiency (median urine iodine concentration = µg/L) among the Sarawakian, a mandatory universal salt iodization (USI) was implemented in Sarawak thereafter.

Nearly years after the discovery of iodine, universal salt iodization (USI) was adopted as the main strategy to fight against IDD. Significant progress was made toward IDD elimination throughout the world with approximately 70% of households worldwide consuming adequately iodized salt (≥15 mg/kg) (Zimmermann, ).Cited by: 1.

RESULTS. Table 1 illustrates the regional distribution of households according to the use of iodized salt and adequacy of salt iodization. One in seven households (%) in Sudan was using adequately-iodized salt, i.e.

>15 parts per million. Twenty percent of urban population and % of the rural population are using adequately-iodized hermes-security.com by: 8. IDD NEWSLETTER NOVEMBER AFRICA OVERVIEW3 The elimination of iodine deficiency is a health priority for many countries (1,2).

Worldwide, salt iodization programs in nearly countries have markedly impro-ved iodine status over the past two decades (3). Salt iodization. Elimination of Iodine deficiency disorders HANOI, 24 August – Viet Nam has achieved the international goal on elimination of iodine deficiency by – the Ministry of Health announced today at the Ten Years Review Symposium of the National Programme on Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control in Hanoi.

Bythe global track record on universal salt iodization (USI) indicated 26% access to adequately iodized salt in the Central and Eastern Europe, Commonwealth of Independent States (CEE/ CIS.

Adequacy Assessment of a Universal Salt Iodization Program Two Decades after Its Implementation: Low Goiter Rate Associated with Small Average Thyroid Volume in Schoolchildren after the Elimination of Iodine Deficiency Disorders.

Wang P, Sun H, Shang L, Zhang Q, He Y, Chen Z, Zhou Y, Zhang J, Wang Q, Zhao J, Shen H. Iodine deficiency is one of the most prevalent causes of developmental delay and brain damage in regions where little iodine occurs naturally in the hermes-security.comting iodine deficiency can be achieved by fortifying salt with iodine, a process known as Universal Salt Iodization (USI).

among populations. Over the past two decades, iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) and their manifestations have received a great deal of attention and resources in a major global effort to eliminate IDD through the universal iodization of salt (USI).

A unique partnership between national governments and the salt industry. Effects of mandatory iodization on the iodine content of retailer and household salt in South Africa.

PL Jooste National Research Programme for Nutritional Intervention, Medical Research Council, P.O. BoxTygerbergCape Town, South Africa.

Jun 14,  · • Increase the accessibility and market share of iodized packet salt with ‘two child’ logo. • Create awareness about the importance of use of iodized salt for the control of IDD, through Social Marketing Campaign • Universal salt iodization • Social marketing of government certified two‐child‐logo adequately iodized salt.

IDD continues as an integrated service to sustain universal salt iodization (USI) with periodic assessment by the health department which advises on technical matters related to salt manufacturing as well. Myanmar is free from polio and is pursuing all activities to be declared polio-free by the South-East Asia Region Certification Committee.

implementation of the universal salt iodization (USI) in Romania. Subjects and methods. children from 2 towns, aged between 6 and 11 years, were included in the study group: 66 children from Sibiu, a previously endemic area for iodine deficiency disorders and 36 children from Bucharest, a previously borderline iodine intake area.

Body mass. All bodies of fresh water, salt water, ice, and snow that are found above the ground. River system. A flowing network of rivers and streams draining a river basin. Watershed. The area of land that is drained by a water system; ex: Mississippi River.

Groundwater. Mar 11,  · Iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) were prevalent in the Islamic Republic (IR) of IRAN beforewhen the national salt iodization program with 40 mg I/k of salt was initiated.

Despite a comprehensive IDD control program, less than 50% of the households in Cited by: Iodine Description. Iodine is a trace mineral required for human life. Humans require iodine for proper physical and mental development.

It impacts cell respiration, metabolism of energy and nutrients, functioning of nerves and muscles, differentiation of the fetus, growth and repair of tissues, and the condition of skin, hair, teeth, and nails.

Myanmar is actively involved in activities pertaining to international health development. Myanmar as one of the countries of the WHO South East Asia region has signed the “Declaration on the st Health Development in the 21 Century in the SEA region” and will do its best for health development of the country as well as the region.Corrosion of aluminum in sea water.

by Pete Johnson. My day time job is at Sikorsky Aircraft (think helicopters) and my specialty is in special processing. This includes all types of aluminum treatments (anodize, heat treat, alodine, paints & coatings).

Things to keep in mind in the case of aircraft are.We use cookies to make interactions with our website easy and meaningful, to better understand the use of our services, and to tailor advertising.